The "cut" Utility
The cut utility allows you to cut a specified bit of data from a file. The most common usage is to split delimited lines such that the command returns a given field for each row.
The "cut" utility follows the basic syntax shown below:
cut -c[character_position] filelist
Consider the cut operation applied to the password file in which we direct the utility to return the 3rd field as delimited by the colon character.
Below are some more examples of using cut. Notice that by default cut expects a tab character or space as a delimiter so no delimiter need be specified if your file is already delimited by a space character or tab.